The Imperiia Project: a spatial history of the Russian Empire

Pear varieties

In his treatise Commercial Fruit Cultivation of Crimea (1912), Lev Platonovich Simirenko explained that most of the pear trees growing on the peninsula were wild. Some varieties were widely known to locals (such as the Bozdurgan, Kabak-armud, Shagin-girey, and Nar-armud), but many trees went unidentified. And the pears of the mountain gardens? Their names had been lost long ago. 

If cultivators were to make the most of the climate and soil, Simirenko continued, they would have to move from wild to commercial gardening techniques. And they would need to adopt the "new" (mainly French and Belgian) varieties familiar to consumers.

After all, the market, not the soil, determined the value of the pear.

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