The Imperiia Project: a spatial history of the Russian Empire


After river-crossings and town-passings, the train - had I been on it - would have arrived in this "long straggling place" on sandy hills, with its assortment of hotels and restaurants, the odd theater, and nearly half a million residents (220,000 Poles, 121,000 Germans, 100,000 Jews) engaged, directly or indirectly, in the textile industry. 
Alternate placenames: Лодзь
Distance from Kalisz: 105 versts

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